Clinical Dermatology

Dermatoscopy & trichoscopy

Diagnostic technique used in dermatology to examine skin lesions, in a non-invasive manner. It involves using a specialized tool, known as a dermatoscope, to magnify and illuminate the skin and allows dermatologists to closely inspect the structure of a lesion and make a more accurate diagnosis.

Phototherapy & excimer light

Delivers controlled amount of ultraviolet (UV) light to the skin to help treat various skin conditions such as psoriasis, eczema, and vitiligo. This treatment involves exposing the skin to artificial UV light sources, such as UV lamps, in a controlled and monitored environment under the supervision of a dermatologist.

Excimer light therapy is a form of  targeted phototherapy using 308 nm UVB light for treating psoriasis, vitiligo etc.

Skin Biopsy & KOH Mount

Skin biopsy involves removing a small sample of skin tissue, typically through a punch biopsy and examination of the tissue under a microscope. It is a test to confirm the diagnosis.

The KOH mount allows dermatologists to observe the structure of the skin tissue and identify the presence of fungal elements, helping to make a definitive diagnosis and guide treatment.

Acne Treatment

Acne treatment involves the use of a variety of methods, both topical and oral, to reduce the severity of acne and prevent future breakouts. These treatments may include topical medications, antibiotics, hormonal therapy, chemical peel and light or laser therapy, and can be tailored to the specific needs of each patient based on the severity of their acne, skin type, and underlying medical conditions.

Vitiligo Treatment

Vitiligo treatment involves a variety of approaches aimed at restoring the natural color of the skin and improving the appearance of affected areas. This can include the use of topical medications, phototherapy, and surgical procedures such as skin grafts or tattooing. The specific treatment approach will depend on the extent and location of the vitiligo, as well as the individual preferences and goals of each patient.

Psoriasis Treatment

Psoriasis treatment involves the use of a variety of methods, both topical and systemic, to reduce symptoms, improve skin appearance, and prevent the development of new skin lesions. This can include topical creams and ointments, phototherapy, and oral or injected medications. The specific approach to treatment will depend on the severity of the psoriasis, the location of the skin lesions, and individual patient factors.


Eczema is a chronic skin condition that causes dry, itchy, and inflamed skin. It affects people of all ages, and is characterized by red, scaly patches that can be extremely itchy. The exact cause of eczema is unknown, but it is believed to be related to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a hereditary form of eczema causing itchy, dry skin. It usually starts in childhood and can continue into adulthood. Triggers include stress, temperature changes, and exposure to irritants such as soap and detergents. Treatment involves medications and lifestyle changes to manage symptoms and prevent outbreaks.

Fungal infections

Fungal infections are caused by fungi affecting skin, nails, and hair. Examples include ringworm, jock itch, and athlete’s foot. Treatment is with antifungal medications and good hygiene practices.

Bacterial infections

Bacterial infections are skin infections caused by bacteria, ranging from mild to severe. Examples are impetigo, cellulitis, and boils. Treated with antibiotics, early treatment is crucial to prevent spread and reduce risk of complications.

Viral infections

Viral infections are skin infections caused by viruses. Examples include warts, cold sores, shingles, and chickenpox. Treatment may include antiviral medication and home remedies. Good hygiene practices can prevent spread.

Allergic reactions

Allergic reactions are the body’s response to harmful substances (allergens) such as food, medication, and pollen. Can range from mild itching to severe anaphylaxis. Treatment varies and avoidance of allergens is key.